Coffee tables are low tables that act as a convenient support for your beverages, remote, magazines and other bits of items that you want to access while sitting. While coffee tables are thought to have been designed as early as the Renaissance, this style of furniture first become widespread during the Victorian Era in England and has since then become a ubiquitous part of homes ever since.
If you are looking for a coffee table for your home, why not design one yourself! Coffee tables are very easy to construct and don’t require expert knowledge in woodworking to build. Here’s a step by step guide on how to make a coffee table.
Table of Content
- How to Build a Coffee Table
- Tools & Material You Need
- Step 1: Decide on the Dimensions
- Step 2: Cut the Board to the Right Length
- Step 3: Stick the Top Together
- Step 4: Secure it With Screws
- Step 5: Create the Apron
- Step 6: Further Secure It in Place
- Step 7: Building the Stand
- Standard Four Leg Design
- Single-Leg Design
- Step 8: Sand the Surface
- Step 9: Stain or Paint the Wood
- Step 10: Add a Finish to Your Coffee Table
- Tip & Warning
- Avoid Damaging Your Floor
- Use a Finishing Wax with Light Paint
- Wear Protection
How to Build a Coffee Table
Tools & Material You Need
Here is a list of all the tools and materials you will need for the project. Improvise where you don’t have the item in the checklist.
- Power Drill
- Tape Measure
- Polyurethane or Polyacrylic Finish
- Paint Brush
- Wood Glue
- Piece of cloth
- Sanding Block
- Sand Paper
- 3 Inch Screws
- Power Saw
Step 1: Decide on the Dimensions
For your DIY coffee table, the first step would be to decide on the dimension of the coffee table you want to build – how wide, tall and long. Ideally, your coffee table should be at a height that allows for convenient access of items on it whiling your sitting on the sofa or chair in front of it. For this example, we will be making a 48 in x 28 in x 18 coffee table.
Step 2: Cut the Board to the Right Length
Using a table measure and a pencil, make the desired lengths on the boards and cut them using a power or table saw. For this example, you can use standard 2×8 for the tabletop and apron. You will need:
- Two 52 In
- Three 22 In Pieces
- Ten 28 In Pieces (extra two optional)
- In the case of the legs, you can 4×4 boards
- Four 18 in Pieces
Step 3: Stick the Top Together
Using wood glue, carefully stick the 2-inch sides of six 28-inch boards together so that they form one large rectangular board. Make sure that the 8-inch sides are in an even line on both ends. Use clamps to firmly hold them together until the glue tries.
Alternatively, you can cut or order a 48×28 piece of plywood for this purpose and skip to step 5.
Step 4: Secure it With Screws
Use two of the remaining four 28-inch boards as a means to firmly secure the tabletop. Place them underneath it exactly 4 inches away from the opposite ends of the 28-inch sides. Place them so that both of them lie across all the tabletop pieces. Use a power drill to carefully screw 3-inch nails into both of these boards, one or two secure into each piece of the tabletop on both sides.
Alternately, you can use the old-fashioned way and just hammer straight nails into the board but this method may require a bit more woodworking skill to achieve flawless results.
Step 5: Create the Apron
An Apron provides further support to your coffee table and also helps improve its overall aesthetics. Use the last two of the 28 in boards and glue them on their 8-inch side at 90 degrees with the tabletop. Take two 52 in long boards and apply a similar procedure for the longer two sides of the tabletop. These two boards are 4 inches longer than the sides so that they also cover the length of the shorter pieces used in creating the apron.
Make sure that the top of the apron is at even level with the top side of the table. Use clamps to secure them in place until the glue dries.
Step 6: Further Secure It in Place
Using a power drill and 3-inch screw nails, firmly secure the apron in place. As an optional measure, you can add greater structural integrity to the coffee table by adding support beams. Do this by gluing two 28-inch boards on their 2-inch sides at even distance from the center, ideally at 13 inches from it on the opposite ends. Once the glue dries, secure them in place with screw nails.
Step 7: Build the Stand
Now that the top part is complete, it’s time to build the support it will stand on. Here we will be giving two design options. The easier standard four leg design and a slightly more complicated single-leg design. Proceed with the type that suits your preferences the most.
Standard Four Leg Design
Attaching them to the tabletop is a straight forward process. Individually place the legs at the extreme sides of the inside of the tabletop, in the 4-inch space between the apron and the support boards. The 4×4 should fit in snugly but if it doesn’t just use a 320 coarse-grit sandpaper to smoothen the surface of the 4×4 until it does so.
Apply glue at the top end of the 4×4 as well as the inner sides of the apron which will touch the board. Repeat the same process with the rest of the three and secure them in place with clamps. Once dried, get your power drill and uniformly screw in the nails. Afterward, if the foot of the table feels uneven, you may sand them until all of them are leveled.
For this design, instead of four 18-inch 4×4, you will need:
- One 18-inch piece
- Four 12-inch pieces
- Two 9-inch pieces
- Two 10-inch pieces.
- Seven 5-inch screw nail
First mark down the exact center of the table. You can use the tape measure and a pencil to find the spot. Now stick two 10-inch 4×4 at the foot of the leg and once dried, secure them firmly using screws and a power drill. At the ends of the 10-inch boards, glue two 12-inch boards so that that foot makes a 12×10 rectangle. Wait for it to dry and secure it with nails.
Afterward, before you glue and secure the leg to the center of the table, create the support first. Using a pencil and a ruler, create a 4×4 square around the center mark. Glue two 12-inch 4×4 on the opposite sides of the square so that they are parallel to the 28-inch side of the table.
On the longer 52-inch side, glue two 9-inch 4×4 so that fit in between the boundary of the square and the support beams. Now finally, add glue on the top end of the leg and snuggly if it in between the support on the marked square. It should fit in snuggly but if it doesn’t, just sand it until it does. Once the glue
dries, screw a nail from the top, through the table and into it.
Step 8: Sand the Surface
Before you can apply a finish, it is recommended to sand the surface of the wood to make the coating process easier. Use a 320-grit sanding block to smooth all the surfaces of the coffee table. Thoroughly work across the furniture so to ensure there is no sharp edge or uneven surface remaining. This process can feel tiresome but it is essential if you want the best result out of your hard work.
Once you are done with the process, use a cloth to wipe off any dust, lint or residue that may have been left on the table.
Step 9: Stain or Paint the Wood
If you want to give your coffee table a rich, rustic appearance, coat it with a light or dark stain. However, if you want to have the coffee table look as it is instead, consider skipping to step 10.
Began by gently dipping the paintbrush into the stain, allow the excess liquid to drip off and work in a smooth back and forth stroke to apply an even coat of stain. Wipe off the excess with a piece of cloth and wait for the stain to dry for 7-8 hours before applying a second coating.
If you truly want a vintage look to your coffee table, consider applying a light stain for the top and a darker one for the log(s).
Instead of staining the coffee table, you may want to have it colored. Began by coating the table surface with a thin layer of primer and wait 1-2 hours for it to dry completely. Primer makes it easier for the paint to stick to the surface and retain its original color. For those hard to reach surfaces such as the interior side of the tabletop, you can use a spray-on primer.
Using long back and forth strokes, apply the paint evenly over the surface. Leave it to dry for a day before applying a second coat. For a distinct look, you can paint the tabletop and legs a different color of the paint. Let the paint cure for three to seven days before proceeding with the next step.
Step 10: Add a Finish to Your Coffee Table
Now with the rest of the process done, it is time to apply one final step to our coffee table and that is to apply a finish, which will help make the wood more durable and better protect it against moisture. In a well-ventilated area, apply a polyurethane or poly acrylic finish evenly over the surface. Wait for it to dry for 3-4 hours before applying a second coat.
For the finish, you can choose between semi-gloss or matte. A semi-gloss finish is more durable and easier to clean, making it ideal if you are placing the coffee table in high traffic or moisture-heavy environment such as your kitchen, living room or outdoors. A matte finish, on the other hand, gives off a better look and better manages to hide any imperfections. However, it is also harder to clean and overall, less durable.
Tips & Warnings
Avoid Damaging Your Floor
The hard and edged wooden surface of the table leg(s) can damage the flooring. Attach felt at the bottom of the leg(s) to avoid such predicaments.
Use a Finishing Wax with Light Paint
A polyurethane or Poly acrylic finish will tend to yellow over time, making less them than ideal for use if you have painted your coffee table with a lighter color. Instead, consider using a finishing wax for the purpose. Apply the wax with a clean cloth and leave it to dry for an hour. Repeat the process 3-4 times for the best results.
Whenever working with power tools and wood, make sure to always wear adequate protection. Wear goggles to protect your eyes from dust and any wood shatter. When sanding or painting, make sure to wear a filter mask and if possible, work in a well-ventilated area.
We hope you found this DIY coffee table guide to be useful. Consider sharing it with others who may also find it useful. Have you worked on any woodworking project that you are particularly fond of? Share more details about it with us in the comments below.
Cabinets are furniture featuring doors, drawers, or a mix of both meant to hold miscellaneous items. A well-designed cabinet can combine both form and function, offering itself as both a practical storage facility and contributing to the overall aesthetic of your room, kitchen, office or bathroom.
However, you will find in the markets ready-made, and even ready-to-assemble, cabinets to be quite expensive. A good quality cabinet can easily cost you thousands of dollars. Save up on cash by considering a DIY cabinet project in your spare time. This step-by-step guide will instruct you on how to build a wood cabinet easily without requiring expert knowledge or skill in woodworking.
Table of Content
- Stuff You Will Need
- Safety First!
- How to Make a Cabinet
- Step 1: Plan the Dimensions
- Step 2: Cut the Pieces
- Step 3: Create the Skeleton
- Step 4: Add the Walls
- Step 5: Secure the Structure with Nails and Joints
- Step 6: Install the Shelfs
- Step 7: Create the Cabinet Doors
- Step 8: Attach the Cabinet Doors
- Step 9: Adding Some Finishes
- Step 10: Paint or Stain the Cabinet
- Step 11: Add a Protective Coating
Stuff You Will Need
Here is a list of stuff you will need for the project. Consider improvising where you fall short of an item on the checklist.
- 1 ¼ Standard Plywood (or any suitable wood)
- Wood Glue
- Power Drill
- Corner Brackets
- Tape Measure
- Sanding Paper
- Framing Square
- Furniture Knob
- Magnetic door latch
- Paint brush
- Stain or Paint
Before starting with making a wood cabinet, be considerate of your safety. While working on the woodworking project, lint or sawdust can enter your eyes, causing irritation or even injury. You should always wear safety glasses while working with wood.
In addition, to prevent sawdust or any chemical particulates from entering your lungs, be sure to also wear a reliable mask filter, especially if working in an unventilated area. If the equipment you use is too loud, it might also be beneficial to wear earmuffs. When painting or staining the furniture, also make sure to wear plastic gloves.
How to Make a Cabinet
Step 1: Plan the Dimensions
First, consider the dimension of your DIY cabinet. How large would you want it to be? Are you aiming for a small cabinet to hang on the wall of your bathroom or kitchen? Or would you want a large cabinet for your living room that also acts as a tabletop for putting various items? Here is a link (INSERT LINK to your plans/ DELETE LINE if none exists) to some free woodworking plans for making cabinets.
For this example, we will be making a versatile 2 ft x 1 ft x 3 ft cabinet, which you can use either as a small tabletop or to hang over the counter.
Note: To avoid any confusion with the dimensions, all the ones listed here go in this order – Length x Width x Height
Step 2: Cut the Pieces
Using a tape measure, a ruler and a pencil, outline the dimensions of the cabinet pieces and cut them using a jigsaw. If you don’t have one, you can use a standard hand saw as well but unless you are skilled with its use, you may find it a bit difficult to achieve a uniform cut. However, even if you are unable to do so, don’t worry; if the uneven cut isn’t too big, you can use a sanding paper to sand it even.
You will need to cut the following out of the plywood:
For the Skeleton
Four 36’ x 2’
Four 12’ x 2’
Four 24’ x 2’
For the Walls
Two 12’ x 36’
Two 24’ x 36’
Two 24’ x 12’
For the Shelf
One or Two 22’ x 10’
Step 3: Create the Skeleton
You have the option to skip this step and simply attach the walls together. However, creating a skeleton is recommended if you want your cabinet to be more durable and last a long while.
Like a picture frame, the sides of thin facing panels would need to be angled at 45 degrees so that they fit into each other perfectly. Cutting plywood at an angle is a bit more challenging and with some practice, it gets easier to get it right.
Place the plywood at a level surfaced table and using a framing square and a pencil, locating the center line between the two sides of the 90-degree framing square and mark the 45-degree angle on the plywood. Afterward, using clamps hold the facing panel firmly in place. Carefully, using a jigsaw, cut the plywood along the marked age. Work slowly to ensure that you are cutting straight along the marked line.
Afterward, the process is pretty straightforward. Simply apply wood glue to the frames and stick them together. Use clamps to hold them firmly and wait for them to dry.
Step 4: Add the Walls
Once the skeleton is firmly dried, its time to add the walls. Add wood glue over the skeleton and carefully secure the walls to all sides except the front (more on that in later steps). Use clamps to hold them in securely and wait for the glue to dry.
Step 5: Secure the Structure with nails and Joints
Using a power drill, screw nails of appropriate length into the structure so as to secure the wall to the skeleton. Install corner brackets inside on the skeleton to reinforce the joints.
Step 6: Install the Shelves
Using your tape measure and a pencil, measure and level locations for 4 or 8 corner brackets depending on whether you want a single or two shelves for your cabinet. Using the power drill, screw the end of the corner brackets facing the cabinet walls. Afterward, make appropriately sized cuts to the front-facing skeleton frame so as to slide in the shelves snugly into the inside of the cabinet.
Step 7: Create the Cabinet Door
The front-facing wall will serve as your cabinet door. However, you have plenty of options at your disposal to make it more interesting and useful. If you intend on handing the cabinet, consider attaching a mirror on the cabinet door. Or, you can add to its aesthetics by printing a high-quality picture, securely gluing it on to the cabinet door and afterward, inserting a wood and glass frame over it. Alternatively, if you have enough woodworking skills, create a basic design out of the wood, sand it smooth with sanding paper and glue it on to the door. Get creative and add a personal touch to the cabinet door according to your preference.
Alternatively, you can also create a two-door cabinet variant. The process is pretty much the same. The only difference is that you would need to follow most of the required steps twice for each door and would need to cut the front-facing wall into two equal portions.
Step 8: Attach the Cabinet Door
Attach two hinges to one side of the inside wall of your cabinet and screw them in firmly. Afterward, attach the door to them and screw it as well. If you leave the cabinet as it is right now, you will see that the door doesn’t close shut at all.
For this, you will need to attach a magnetic door latch, which you can easily find in many hardware stores. Attach the magnetic part to the inside of the cabinet and the metal part of the extreme side of the door so that when closed, both parts attach perfectly together. For a two-door version, attach the latch parts at the top of the door and cabinet inside instead. Glue a very thin wood panel on the inside of one of the doors that would shut first so that just one magnetic latch would be needed to close them both.
Step 9: Adding Some Finishes
Your cabinet is nearly done. Now is the time to add some finishing touches. To easily close and open your cabinet, install a furniture knob. Alternatively, you can try creating a knob or handle yourself but then the task would become a lot more complicated so stick with what is simple.
If you want to hang the cabinet, you would also need to install two hangers at the backside of the cabinet. If you want to fix it in place on the wall, consider screw hangers. However, if you would like the flexibility of hanging it anywhere, D-ring hangers would be suitable.
Alternatively, if you want the cabinet to also act as a tabletop, you should instead attach legs to it. Legs will help keep the structure elevated above from any moisture present on the floor and also prevent the cabinet from scratching the surface of your flooring when you move it around. Ready-made furniture can be purchased from the market and are very to install.
However, you can also make your own legs for the cabinet by cutting four 4’x 4’ x 4‘ blocks from wood boards. Before attaching them to the cabinet, smoothen their edges with sandpaper and glue a layer of felt around them. Afterward, use wood glue on the exposed surfaces of the blocks to stick them to the bottom of the cabinet and wait for it to dry. Screw them in place using your power drill and long nails screwed through the inside surface of the cabinet into the blocks.
Step 10: Paint or Stain the Cabinet
You may want your finished cabinet to look even better by adding a coat of paint or stain over it. Start by covering any parts of the cabinet with a newspaper or tape that you don’t want coated e.g. the front mirror in case you installed it onto the cabinet door.
Before getting started with either paint or stain, sand the surface of the cabinet to make it ready for the coatings and to smoothen out any uneven surfaces. Use a piece of rag to wipe away any dust left afterward.
To stain the cabinet, choose an oil-based stain and conditioner. Using a paintbrush, carefully apply a thin layer of conditioner on to the surface. Wait 10 to 20 minutes for it to get absorbed and wipe away the excess with a rag. Wait an hour for it to become fully dried and apply a thin, even layer of stain. Let it sit for 5 to 15 minutes and wipe away the excess. Wait a few hours before applying a second coat. For a more vintage look, coat the door with a dark stain and rest of the cabinet with a lighter one.
Alternatively, to paint the cabinet, prepare the cabinet for painting by first applying a layer of oil-based primer. Once it is fully dried, apply an even coating of paint onto the surface. Use an unloaded paint for the tipping process. Wait for a day for the paint to fully dry before applying the second layer of coating.
Step 11: Add a Protective Coating
Your finished cabinet would require a protective coating so to ensure it is better able to withstand punishment from the element and continue looking good as new for longer. Very lightly sand the surface of the cabinet and coat it with a suitable sealant. Wait for it to dry and repeat the process 1-2 more times.
Congratulations! You have made your own wood cabinet.
Woodworking is a fun and engaging hobby but it can also be considered a highly profitable activity. Thanks to sites like craigslist, eBay, Etsy and Amazon Handmade, it is very easy for woodworking artisans and enthusiasts today to make and sell their small wood projects.
In fact, a lot of people have been able to turn their hobby into a full-fledged and highly profitable business, which they devote their full-time to. Of course, not all of us plan on pursuing such outcomes but virtually all of us would like to earn some cash from the projects we make.
Making a few sales of the items you make can feel really exciting and highly rewarding. However, if you are new to selling online, it is always better to start with item listings that are already known to sell well. After all,a niche wood item, no matter how well made, would hardly sell online because neither is anyone searching for it nor have you established a large set of audience for your products.
Below is a list of small woodworking projects you can work on that are almost guaranteed to sell quickly online.Virtually all items presented on the list are beginner-friendly but experienced woodworkers may find the read to be well worth it in helping discover new ideas to work on.
List of Small Woodworking Projects That Sell Well in 2021
- Painted Flags
- Wall Decors
- Wooden Clocks
- Wall Shelves
- Sliding Shelves
- Hanger Rack
- Mini-sized Sheds
1. Painted Flags
Project difficulty: Easy
Painted flags always sell like hotcakes online. Most people like to show some pride for their country, state, organization or locality and painted flags make just the perfect products to sell to such customers.
Painted flags are easy small wood projects, not requiring much skill to work on. Simply attach three standard boards on their sides with wood glue and allow it to dry. Afterward, reinforce with a wooden board using nails with it attached center and at a right angle to the other boards. On the opposite side, using masking tape and newspapers, create the defined boundaries and spray accordingly. Afterward, using paint brushes, fill in the detailing on the wooden flag and once the paint completely dries, apply a protective coating or sealant.
Tip: Painting each individual star on the US flag can be both frustrating and time consuming. For such detailing purposes or others like it, use a cutout from a chart paper and simply spray paint the cutout to create the stars hassle free.
2. Wall Decors
Project difficulty: Very Easy
Hand saw or Power saw
There is something about wood that gives it a sort of premium prestige that other materials such as plastic or even metal can’t compete with. Wall decors are an evergreen product, one for which demand cuts across demographics and can be sold at a very profitable price.
Like the previous mention, making wall decors is also super easy with one’s level of creativity being the only real constraint here. For this example, we’ll be making Alphabet wall decors, which tend to be highly popular with most buyers.
To get started, first mark equal square dimensions on the wooden boards using a pencil and a ruler. Afterward, cut them out with a power saw. You can also use a hand saw in case you don’t have any powered alternatives but take care while sawing to ensure a straight and uniform cut. If there are any rough or uneven edges, use a sandpaper to level them up. Using a power drill, create a hole at the center top for the purpose of hanging.
Afterward, lightly sand the surface of the wooden cuts with sandpaper to prepare them for painting.Remove any dust or debris with a wet rag. Use broad and even strokes to paint the wooden cuts. Alternatively, you can just apply paint spray. For a more distinct look, consider using masking paint to create creatively paint patterns to serve as the background.
Once the paint is completely dried. Use a pencil to draw the outline of the alphabets and color them in with a paint brush. You could also instead use masking tape and paint spray combo for this purpose. Once dried, apply a sealant.
3. Wooden Clocks
Project difficulty: Easy
Breathe new life into your old or unused clock by giving it a new and improve wooden appearance. Quality-made wooden clocks sell for a high price online and it’s a great way to get money back on any used clock that you no longer want at your home.
Start by outlining the shape of the new clock on the plywood board. Depending on your woodworking skill, it could range from a simple square to a highly unusual and distinct shape. Cut the shape out with a jigsaw (you can use a hand saw as well if the shape is simple enough). Sand away any unsmooth edges.
Once done, locate the middle of the cutout and drill a hole into it. Sand the surface of the plywood with sandpaper to prepare it for staining. Clean off any dust or debris with a wet rag.Using a paint brush and paint, create the digits for the clocks. Alternatively, if your woodworking skills are good enough, you can glue in digital cutout from thin wood.
Afterward, apply a thin and even coat of wood conditioner and allow it to dry. Afterward, apply the stain. Once fully dried, you can apply the sealant.Now, take out the clockwork and the hands of your old clock and install them onto the finished cutout. You can use the power drill, some screws and pieces of plywood of suitable thickness to secure the clockwork. Attach two suitable frame hooks near opposite sides on the top and you’re done!
4. Wall Shelves
Project difficulty: Super Easy
Wall Shelves are a straightforward and super easy small wood project to make and sell online. It doesn’t require many tools nor a high time commitment. What’s more, as you get more proficient in woodworking, you can scale such projects to be even more complex and elaborate.
To create a simple wall shelf, first take a wooden board of a suitable length and sand it lightly. Afterward, apply the wood conditioner. Once dried, apply even coatings of wood stain and leave it to dry for a day. Afterward, add the sealant. Sell with suitable wall brackets for a secure handing.
5. Sliding Shelves
Project difficulty: Medium
For those more adept at woodworking, you may want to try your hands on this project instead. This interesting design is bound to stand out in online listings and would especially be appreciated by book-lovers.
To get started, take a suitable board and follow the instructions as already indicated previously. Afterward, using a power drill and screws, firmly attach a suitable sliding track onto the board’s surface and install the stoppers at the opposite ends.
Afterward, measure the thickness of the wooden board and the sliding track over it. Use the measurement to create the sliding cavity on the lower end of two equal sized plywood squares using the jigsaw. Sand them and apply the stain as already mentioned. Install the upper guides or rollers with the cavity so that the plywood squares can freely slide across the board. Sell with suitable wall brackets included for handing purposes.
6. Hanger Rack
Project difficulty:Super Easy
Hanger racks sell extremely well because they are so useful. They allow you or guests the convenience of hanging their pieces of clothing, accessories or other items when they don’t require them and just as easily allow them to take them back when needed. Here’s a simple to make hanger rack in the instructions below:
Start by cutting a wooden board to be an appropriate dimension, even any unsmooth edges with a sandpaper and follow the process of staining the wood as already mentioned. Afterward, using appropriate screws and your power drill, securely attach the wall hangers onto the wooden board.
Afterward, on the backside, attach two or three frame hooks at suitable and equal distance away from each other and you’re done.
Of course, if you are skilled enough, you can make plenty of enhancements on the base design. You can expand the function and create a full-fledged entry organizer by using a bigger surface board and attaching shelves, rails, and hanging bars as well. Depending on your level of skill and creativity, the sky is your limit on how you make your hanger rack so have fun, be ambitious and experiment.
7. Mini-sized Sheds
Project difficulty: Hard
This may be surprising to hear for some but tiny barns and sheds are actually becoming more and more trendy as well as popular to sell online. We’ll be giving an overview of an extremely basic mini-sized in the instructions below.
Start by cutting the wooden boards in the right dimensions. Sand away any uneven edges.For more detailed reference on dimensions, you can find many good small shed plans and small barn plans here (LINK TO plans. DELETE if not applicable). Afterward, attach the support beans lengthwise to the deck piers. Secure the rim joists to the support beams and at right angle to them, the support joints.
Now using a power drill, nail in the plywood boards on top to create the flooring. Attach wooden beams of suitable length to create the skeleton for the shed. Nail them to the base and afterward, secure the plywood side walls and roof.
Leave an area of appropriate size open to serve as the entryway. Give more support to the frame by installing corner brackets on the inside of the shed. Afterward, add tar paper to the roof and paint the rest of the surface. Apply a suitable sealant afterward.
Turn your passion into a money-making profession or at the very least, make your woodworking hobby a self-funding activity by selling what you make online. We hope you liked the article and found the ideas given here to be worthwhile.
When selling online, be sure to brand your products to make it easier for them to stand out as well as help create more loyal customer base. In addition, if you want your projects to sell well, be sure to extensively market them on Social Media channels as well. The more eyes your items reach, the more the chance of someone wanting to buy it.
For more woodworking tips and ideas, be sure to visit our home page or browse through our excellent list of DIY wood project articles by clicking here.
The practice of woodworking is notorious for causing accidents. Studies have shown that over 64% of people working in woodshop have sustained injuries from various woodworking tools. This serves as an important reminder about the most critical aspect of woodworking, safety. With that, we will jump right into our list of 10 essential woodworking tools for beginners.
10 Basic Woodworking Tools for Beginners
1. Protection Gear
The woodworking workshop is quite noisy and dusty, thanks to the machines used to carry out the work. These machines also perform quite vigorous activities, and in most cases, you will be using your hands to control them. This may lead to a hand injury. Protecting your eyes, ears, lungs, and hands while working is a serious matter and should be treated as such.
Before embarking on any woodworking project, ensure that you have the necessary protective gear. These include masks, glasses, headphones, gloves, and boots. You also don’t want to risk walking on sharp wood pieces, which can cause severe injuries to your feet.
To protect your eyes from dust, shards, and sticks, use safety glasses like Honeywell S0250X. These are wrap-around uni-lens which come with vented side shields for total eye protection. They provide adjustable temples for your comfort, and you can choose an anti-fog or anti-scratch option. A woodworking mask will protect you against dust, which can lead to lung infections. The Outdoor Anti-Dust Mask is also a great choice, as it’s quite comfortable and provides up to 99% protection from dust, pollen, and fumes.
- Protects face, eyes, and lungs from infection and injury
- Makes work comfortable
- The mask can be washed, and the filters are replaceable
- Easy to put on and take off
- The best quality of the protective gear is costly
- Low-quality gel may compromise your safety
Get the best safety gear for your eyes, ears, lungs, hands, and feet before commencing your work.
2. DEWALT Sliding Compound Miter Saw
Any woodworking project involves cutting of materials. There’s no perfect wood length when starting on any woodworking component, and you will need to rip and cross-cut before it takes any shape.
The DEWALT DWS779 Sliding Compound Miter Saw is one of the best beginner woodworking tools. It’s a powerful saw which runs on 15-amp, 800 RPM motor to deliver extended power and durability. It is designed with a back fence that allows it to cut at 90 and 45 degrees with dimensional lumber of up to 2X16 and 2X12, respectively. This saw comes with an efficient dust collection mechanism to capture most of the generated dust, ensuring the safety of your lungs, eyes, and chest.
A miter saw is a versatile tool, which does not need to bevel or slide, but they are useful features, especially if you’re working on frames. They are perfect for beginners as they make more accurate cuts for compound angles.
- Very efficient
- 3-year warranty
- Safe to use
- High capacity and precision
- Doesn’t have a laser
A miter saw is a must-have tool since it’s sturdy and easy to use.
3. SKIL Circular Saw
A circular saw can handle several tasks, including sheet cutting for plywood and MDF. It’s an essential item in all woodworking workshops, which allows you to make accurate cuts. This handheld machine is super versatile and mobile, enabling you to bring the tool to work as opposed to dragging a workpiece onto a table.
The SKIL 5280-01 Circular Saw is a lightweight machine designed to reduce fatigue while ripping, cross-cutting, and cutting circles. It comes with a powerful 15-amp motor, which delivers excellent speed and results in faster cuts. The carbide-tipped blades range from 7-1/4 inches and are fitted with spindle lock for easy changes. There’s also a set depth for blades.
The SKIL Circular Saw comes with a 51-degree bevel capacity, with an arbor size of 5/8 inches and a 6 feet cord length. You don’t have to worry about the fine sawdust; the duct blower ensures that your line-of-cut is free from dust at all times. This fantastic circular saw also uses a laser to help you in cutting straight lines.
- Easy blade changes
- A powerful motor
- Reliable duct blower
- A laser beam for straight cuts
- A guarded trigger to reduce startup accidents
- The depth may break with continuous usage
- Not suitable for heavy tasks
A circular saw is a critical item that produces accurate and quick cuts, emerging as one of the best carpentry tools for beginners. If you still don’t have it, get yours today.
4. Ridgid Drill and Impact Driver
The Ridgid X4 R9602 Drill and Impact Driver are essential beginner woodworking tools that will help you complete small, medium, and massive projects with ease. This combination of both a driver and a drill comes with a top-mounted removable plastic handle, giving you excellent leverage when drilling holes on the hardwood.
The impact driver is heavy-duty and can be used to drive large fasteners through thick materials quickly. The base of these tools features an LED guiding light and a belt clip to increase convenience. Its adjustable clutch enables you to work with both small and large fasteners.
This kit comes with two compact batteries, each 1.5 amp per hour. You don’t have to worry if you are working in chilly conditions, because these batteries give your tool long-lasting power to withstand temperatures as low as -4 degrees Celsius. You can charge these Lithium-ion batteries to full strength using the dual chemistry charger that’s a part of the set. On its side, there is a LED gauge that shows you when the batteries are defective.
- Heavy duty
- Can drive both large and small fasteners
- Two compact batteries
- Highly convenient
- Comes with a tool bag
- No warranty if purchased from Amazon
Get this powerful drilling kit to help you in driving fasteners on all your woodworking projects. It will work even in the coldest environments to ensure that your work does not stop.
5. Simple Woodturning Tools Set
Approaching a fast spinning chunk of wood using a pointy piece of metal is very scary for beginners. However, once you master this stage, you will need to master your woodturning tools to perfect the art and make work easier for you. The best woodturning tools for beginners come as a kit that contains five to eight devices.
The Simple Woodturning Tools Set is an essential kit for beginners, which contains a modest set of 7 chisels. They are made of solid stainless steel with 1/2-inch square and 5/8-inch round tools, which are fixed to a solid aluminum handle. The handle is interchangeable and has a foam grip.
The handle features solid aluminum for maximum durability. It is also quite attractive, soft, and comfortable, giving you excellent tool control. To change the tools, simply loosen the stainless-steel screws.
Five of the tools have square shafts, which makes them stay stable on the tool rest. This set includes a simple shear cutting finisher, which has a round 5/8-inch shaft. This cutting finisher has a cupped carbide cutter to give you a beautiful surface finish.
To turn from 6 inches up to 24 inches diameter, use the full-size tools and go up to a maximum of 12 inches in depth. These tools are recommended for all types of projects, so they’re a great choice when it comes to wood turning for beginners.
- Made of solid stainless steel
- Square shaft to prevent slipping
- Interchangeable handle
- You’ll need to change cutters with time
These are high-quality woodturning tools that will provide you with all the options you need in a single purchase.
6. Makita Compact Router Kit
This kit is one of the most versatile woodworking tools for beginners that can do so many different things. You will use it a ton, regardless of whether you need to add edge profiles, add rabbets, cut mortises, or any other job, the Makita RT0701CX7 Compact Router Kit is up to the task.
This tool delivers high performance and precision with a maximum horsepower of 1-1/4 and a plunge base. Its heavy-duty aluminum motor housing insulates it to increase its durability. It comes with a variable speed control dial and electronic speed control for maintaining a constant speed and load. With a soft start feature, you are off to a smooth start.
The Makita Compact Router Kit is fitted with an easy-to-read depth scale and a smooth depth adjustment system for high precision. To help you with base installation or removal, and easy depth adjustments, a convenient cam lock system is used. The base is designed with high visibility to improve performance and handling.
- Highly convenient
- Great comfort and control
- Smooth and ergonomic design
- Easy depth adjustment
- Does not include an adapter for plunge base
- It can get unstable
Makita is one of the most recommended woodworking kits for beginners. Its portability and high precision make it easy to use, and it can withstand vigorous projects.
7. PORTER-CABLE Jointer
The Porter-Cable PC160JT Jointer is used for perfectly flattening surfaces and making woodworking projects easy and fun. It is a crucial tool for beginners, those who carry DIY projects, and general woodworking tasks.
This jointer is a must-have tool for any beginner who wishes to have superior control over their work. It allows you to select and adjust the right speed, depending on your material’s size and hardness. It comes with an extra-long table, which has a fence mounted at its center for your comfort and accuracy.
This tool helps you size and shape your wood accurately, producing straight and flat surfaces. You can flatten and square the board’s face to make perfect masterpieces regardless of whether you are making fences, chairs, tables, or frames.
When it comes to redoing projects, the jointer is a convenient tool. It will enable you to fit doors and cabinets while developing your creativity. It is easy to change knives and adjust the fences. This tool shines when it comes to variable speeds and deep cutting adjustment, so it’s ideal for face jointing, edging, and flattening.
- Offers variable speeds
- Deep cutting adjustments
- Accurate in edge jointing
- Extra-long table
- Easy adjustment and replacement
- High quality and durable
- Any adjustment needs full re-tweaking using a precise square
- Table may become curved with time
This jointer is one of the basic woodworking tools for beginners who love cabinet resizing and fitting doors. You will be in full control of this device as you can adjust it to your comfort.
8. RIKON Mini Lathe
When it comes to making round wooden items, a wood lathe is quite handy. RIKON mini lathe is a straightforward machine for forming any wood into the desired shape, like a vase, a bowl, or any decorative wood items.
RIKON 70-100 Mini Lathe is the best wood lathe for beginners. It spins the piece of wood you’re working on at various speed levels and enables you to apply different techniques to your project. The speed change feature is easily accessible, so you don’t need to stop working or slow down on your project to switch gears.
Although its motor is small in size, it is quite powerful and can help you cover different projects. Whether you are working on small projects like bowls or flower vases, or medium projects like totem sculptures, this 1/2 HP engine will serve you satisfactorily. The available accessories allow customizing this lathe to fit your exact needs. There is the option to add multiple extensions, as well as use different sizes of tool rests.
The self-ejecting tailstock saves you time; all you need to do is to loosen the locking lever.
- Convenient and versatile
- Easy and quick speed changes
- Can add multiple extensions
- Self-ejecting tailstock
- The headstock protective cover does not close well
For any beginner dealing with woodwork shaping, the RIKON lathe is a must-have tool. It’s easy to use, fast, and powerful.
9. Craftsman Tape Measure
You cannot work on any woodworking project without carrying out measurements, no matter how small the project is. A tape measure is one of the essential carpentry tools for beginners.
The Craftsman CMHT37225S Tape Measure offers fast and accurate measurements. It comes with a self-locking mechanism to let the blade stay extended as long as needed. You can also lock the blade if you need extra tension or unlock it for a smooth and controlled retraction by pressing a button. If you want to stick to the traditional slide lock mechanism, you can disable this feature.
This tape measure comes with printed fractions on the blade and can measure up to 25 feet. The blade comes with a durable coating that improves its lifespan. You don’t have to worry about dropping the tape measure because the over mold offers impact protection as well as a better grip.
- Quick and easy measurements
- Durable and versatile
- Can measure up to 25 feet
- Auto-lock mechanism
- Somewhat heavy
- The measurements may be too small and hard to read for some people
No woodworking toolbox is complete without a good tape measure. It will help you make accurate measurements fast so you can commence your work quickly.
10. Olympia Tools Work Bench
Power tools don’t matter if you don’t have a robust, sturdy place to build and assemble everything. A workbench is a work-holding system build to accommodate various mechanisms like board jacks and more. It is usually a substantial tool that’s fixed in place when you are working.
The Olympia Tools 84-906 Work Bench is made of high-quality hardwood, which makes it durable and long-lasting. It also comes with a tool cabinet essential to help you fix and repair issues quickly. It is a solid woodworking bench with a clear finish.
This workbench comes with a storage shelf and a trough for storing your tools. It is fitted with large vises that are adjustable for proper machined guides.
- Easy to clean
- Strong and long-lasting
- A load capacity of 330 pounds
- Built-in vise
- Not foldable
- Hard to move around
- The finish could have been better
The Olympia Tools Work Bench is a powerful tool that will get you started on your woodworking. It will help you organize your project pieces and tools conveniently in the drawer and shelf.
There you have it. The tools mentioned above will get you to a quick start of your woodworking projects and make your work easier, leading to faster turnaround time. These tools are ideal for most woodworking plans for beginners, guaranteed to help you improve your skills, master your craft, and turn any idea you have into reality.
If you are looking for an affordable and easy way to build a home from scratch, a pole barn house is your best bet. These spaces allow for comfortable and inexpensive living, and you can even build one on your own with the help of DIY kits or online free plans.
To help you get started, here’s a short, easy guide for building a pole barn house with woods.
How to Build a Pole Barn
This Woodworking project might come off as challenging and almost undoable; however, with the right tools, accessories, materials, and technique, you can actually build a pole barn on your own. Follow these steps to make one from scratch, which you can later use as a workshop or a party venue, whichever you want!
Step 1: Gather Essential Materials
When building a pole barn house, the first thing you need to do is gather all the essential materials. The supplies required for this project are:
- Tape measure
- Skill saw
- Framing hammer
- Hand saw
- Wooden planks
- Roofing nails
- Storm clips
- Gravel and concrete
- Carpenter’s level
Step 2: Build the Foundation
Once you have all the tools and supplies ready, the first things you need to build is the foundation of the pole barn house. You need to prepare the site with the help of utility poles that you can buy from any local electric shop near your place. Plant the poles at least 6-7 feet in the ground and plumb them with the help of carpenter’s level. Make sure to pack an adequate amount of dirt around their basis to keep them firmly in place.
Step 3: Install Roof Beams
After building the main foundation, now is the time to attach the roof beams. A great advantage of using a pole-based structure is that you can install the roof system on the poles instead of having to rely on the interior or exterior walls.
Step 4: Pour the Slab
Now that you have the supporting poles or beams well in place, you can now pour the slab in order to create a proper rigid unit. This step is what makes a pole barn house different from the usual standard homes. In the former, the poles become a part of the main foundation instead of acting as supporting accessories.
Step 5: Levels and Flooring
If you wish to add more variety to this project, you can add a number of decks and can further separate them through lofts. In case you do want to add extra levels, start by driving in nails as a marker point in order to determine the height for the other desks. Repeat the line-level process for the levels like you did in the earlier steps and bolt the beams or the poles in the same manner.
Once you have all that in place, the next step is flooring. Apply layers of exterior plywood for the flooring, followed by using a sheet of builder’s felt with the help of the tongue-and-groove method of flooring. This double layering is only to be done for those floors that are exposed to the outdoor air. The double treatment will help protect the flooring from external conditions like moisture, humidity, etc. On the other hand, the interior floors only require sheets of painted plywood.
An important tip to remember here is that if you’re planning to live in this pole barn house, you might want to double floor the interior deck or level as well, along with installing a properly finished ceiling in the rooms and insulating all the spaces between the levels. However, if you’re going to use it as a workspace or storage space, you don’t necessarily have to do all that.
Step 6: Install the Walls
At this point, you are supposed to put together the walls, windows, and other units. Start with wall framing with the six-mil plastic, which you need to stretch from both sides. Fill other sections with lumber and wooden planks, securing everything together in place. Attach the windows and doors one by one with the help of the drill and the nails.
Step 7: Secure the Roof
Once the walls have been secured properly, move on to securing the roof. This requires you to hoist the wooden planks towards the top of the pole barn house and tie them to the vertical poles with the help of hurricane clips. To further secure the roof, cover it with galvanized steel layers to hold it in place.
Step 8: Add the Framing
This is the final step that will complete the pole barn house. Finish the framing by attaching it to the poles. At this point, use screws instead of nails in order to ensure increased strength and force. Make sure that the framing is attached to the poles instead of the concrete foundation.
Finishes and Touch-Ups for Building a Pole Barn House
Add the last few touch-ups and finishes to your completed pole barn house according to how you are going to use it. For example, you will need properly fixed sources of heat and light if you’ll be spending a lot of time in your pole barn house. If you plan to live in the house, you will require several permanent fixtures such as paint, wallpaper, cabinetry, stove, bathroom fixtures, a proper kitchen, etc.
This completely depends on your usage of the pole barn house.
If you wish to make this entire process of building a pole barn house even simpler, there are numerous other ways and resources that can help you.
· Pole Barn Plans
If you search online, you will find numerous pole barn plans that are according to your specific requirements. For instance, you can search for 12 x 24 pole barn plans, and you can find a step-by-step guide that will help you make your own. There are many other free woodworking plans that are easily accessible for your own use.
· DIY Kits
There are also DIY kits that are available in different stores, which are fully customizable with a variety of different features, colors, as well as sizes. The kits include all the pole barn plans and materials that you need to build a great-looking house.