The practice of woodworking is notorious for causing accidents. Studies have shown that over 64% of people working in woodshop have sustained injuries from various woodworking tools. This serves as an important reminder about the most critical aspect of woodworking, safety. With that, we will jump right into our list of 10 essential woodworking tools for beginners.
10 Basic Woodworking Tools for Beginners
1. Protection Gear
The woodworking workshop is quite noisy and dusty, thanks to the machines used to carry out the work. These machines also perform quite vigorous activities, and in most cases, you will be using your hands to control them. This may lead to a hand injury. Protecting your eyes, ears, lungs, and hands while working is a serious matter and should be treated as such.
Before embarking on any woodworking project, ensure that you have the necessary protective gear. These include masks, glasses, headphones, gloves, and boots. You also don’t want to risk walking on sharp wood pieces, which can cause severe injuries to your feet.
To protect your eyes from dust, shards, and sticks, use safety glasses like Honeywell S0250X. These are wrap-around uni-lens which come with vented side shields for total eye protection. They provide adjustable temples for your comfort, and you can choose an anti-fog or anti-scratch option. A woodworking mask will protect you against dust, which can lead to lung infections. The Outdoor Anti-Dust Mask is also a great choice, as it’s quite comfortable and provides up to 99% protection from dust, pollen, and fumes.
- Protects face, eyes, and lungs from infection and injury
- Makes work comfortable
- The mask can be washed, and the filters are replaceable
- Easy to put on and take off
- The best quality of the protective gear is costly
- Low-quality gel may compromise your safety
Get the best safety gear for your eyes, ears, lungs, hands, and feet before commencing your work.
2. DEWALT Sliding Compound Miter Saw
Any woodworking project involves cutting of materials. There’s no perfect wood length when starting on any woodworking component, and you will need to rip and cross-cut before it takes any shape.
The DEWALT DWS779 Sliding Compound Miter Saw is one of the best beginner woodworking tools. It’s a powerful saw which runs on 15-amp, 800 RPM motor to deliver extended power and durability. It is designed with a back fence that allows it to cut at 90 and 45 degrees with dimensional lumber of up to 2X16 and 2X12, respectively. This saw comes with an efficient dust collection mechanism to capture most of the generated dust, ensuring the safety of your lungs, eyes, and chest.
A miter saw is a versatile tool, which does not need to bevel or slide, but they are useful features, especially if you’re working on frames. They are perfect for beginners as they make more accurate cuts for compound angles.
- Very efficient
- 3-year warranty
- Safe to use
- High capacity and precision
- Doesn’t have a laser
A miter saw is a must-have tool since it’s sturdy and easy to use.
3. SKIL Circular Saw
A circular saw can handle several tasks, including sheet cutting for plywood and MDF. It’s an essential item in all woodworking workshops, which allows you to make accurate cuts. This handheld machine is super versatile and mobile, enabling you to bring the tool to work as opposed to dragging a workpiece onto a table.
The SKIL 5280-01 Circular Saw is a lightweight machine designed to reduce fatigue while ripping, cross-cutting, and cutting circles. It comes with a powerful 15-amp motor, which delivers excellent speed and results in faster cuts. The carbide-tipped blades range from 7-1/4 inches and are fitted with spindle lock for easy changes. There’s also a set depth for blades.
The SKIL Circular Saw comes with a 51-degree bevel capacity, with an arbor size of 5/8 inches and a 6 feet cord length. You don’t have to worry about the fine sawdust; the duct blower ensures that your line-of-cut is free from dust at all times. This fantastic circular saw also uses a laser to help you in cutting straight lines.
- Easy blade changes
- A powerful motor
- Reliable duct blower
- A laser beam for straight cuts
- A guarded trigger to reduce startup accidents
- The depth may break with continuous usage
- Not suitable for heavy tasks
A circular saw is a critical item that produces accurate and quick cuts, emerging as one of the best carpentry tools for beginners. If you still don’t have it, get yours today.
4. Ridgid Drill and Impact Driver
The Ridgid X4 R9602 Drill and Impact Driver are essential beginner woodworking tools that will help you complete small, medium, and massive projects with ease. This combination of both a driver and a drill comes with a top-mounted removable plastic handle, giving you excellent leverage when drilling holes on the hardwood.
The impact driver is heavy-duty and can be used to drive large fasteners through thick materials quickly. The base of these tools features an LED guiding light and a belt clip to increase convenience. Its adjustable clutch enables you to work with both small and large fasteners.
This kit comes with two compact batteries, each 1.5 amp per hour. You don’t have to worry if you are working in chilly conditions, because these batteries give your tool long-lasting power to withstand temperatures as low as -4 degrees Celsius. You can charge these Lithium-ion batteries to full strength using the dual chemistry charger that’s a part of the set. On its side, there is a LED gauge that shows you when the batteries are defective.
- Heavy duty
- Can drive both large and small fasteners
- Two compact batteries
- Highly convenient
- Comes with a tool bag
- No warranty if purchased from Amazon
Get this powerful drilling kit to help you in driving fasteners on all your woodworking projects. It will work even in the coldest environments to ensure that your work does not stop.
5. Simple Woodturning Tools Set
Approaching a fast spinning chunk of wood using a pointy piece of metal is very scary for beginners. However, once you master this stage, you will need to master your woodturning tools to perfect the art and make work easier for you. The best woodturning tools for beginners come as a kit that contains five to eight devices.
The Simple Woodturning Tools Set is an essential kit for beginners, which contains a modest set of 7 chisels. They are made of solid stainless steel with 1/2-inch square and 5/8-inch round tools, which are fixed to a solid aluminum handle. The handle is interchangeable and has a foam grip.
The handle features solid aluminum for maximum durability. It is also quite attractive, soft, and comfortable, giving you excellent tool control. To change the tools, simply loosen the stainless-steel screws.
Five of the tools have square shafts, which makes them stay stable on the tool rest. This set includes a simple shear cutting finisher, which has a round 5/8-inch shaft. This cutting finisher has a cupped carbide cutter to give you a beautiful surface finish.
To turn from 6 inches up to 24 inches diameter, use the full-size tools and go up to a maximum of 12 inches in depth. These tools are recommended for all types of projects, so they’re a great choice when it comes to wood turning for beginners.
- Made of solid stainless steel
- Square shaft to prevent slipping
- Interchangeable handle
- You’ll need to change cutters with time
These are high-quality woodturning tools that will provide you with all the options you need in a single purchase.
6. Makita Compact Router Kit
This kit is one of the most versatile woodworking tools for beginners that can do so many different things. You will use it a ton, regardless of whether you need to add edge profiles, add rabbets, cut mortises, or any other job, the Makita RT0701CX7 Compact Router Kit is up to the task.
This tool delivers high performance and precision with a maximum horsepower of 1-1/4 and a plunge base. Its heavy-duty aluminum motor housing insulates it to increase its durability. It comes with a variable speed control dial and electronic speed control for maintaining a constant speed and load. With a soft start feature, you are off to a smooth start.
The Makita Compact Router Kit is fitted with an easy-to-read depth scale and a smooth depth adjustment system for high precision. To help you with base installation or removal, and easy depth adjustments, a convenient cam lock system is used. The base is designed with high visibility to improve performance and handling.
- Highly convenient
- Great comfort and control
- Smooth and ergonomic design
- Easy depth adjustment
- Does not include an adapter for plunge base
- It can get unstable
Makita is one of the most recommended woodworking kits for beginners. Its portability and high precision make it easy to use, and it can withstand vigorous projects.
7. PORTER-CABLE Jointer
The Porter-Cable PC160JT Jointer is used for perfectly flattening surfaces and making woodworking projects easy and fun. It is a crucial tool for beginners, those who carry DIY projects, and general woodworking tasks.
This jointer is a must-have tool for any beginner who wishes to have superior control over their work. It allows you to select and adjust the right speed, depending on your material’s size and hardness. It comes with an extra-long table, which has a fence mounted at its center for your comfort and accuracy.
This tool helps you size and shape your wood accurately, producing straight and flat surfaces. You can flatten and square the board’s face to make perfect masterpieces regardless of whether you are making fences, chairs, tables, or frames.
When it comes to redoing projects, the jointer is a convenient tool. It will enable you to fit doors and cabinets while developing your creativity. It is easy to change knives and adjust the fences. This tool shines when it comes to variable speeds and deep cutting adjustment, so it’s ideal for face jointing, edging, and flattening.
- Offers variable speeds
- Deep cutting adjustments
- Accurate in edge jointing
- Extra-long table
- Easy adjustment and replacement
- High quality and durable
- Any adjustment needs full re-tweaking using a precise square
- Table may become curved with time
This jointer is one of the basic woodworking tools for beginners who love cabinet resizing and fitting doors. You will be in full control of this device as you can adjust it to your comfort.
8. RIKON Mini Lathe
When it comes to making round wooden items, a wood lathe is quite handy. RIKON mini lathe is a straightforward machine for forming any wood into the desired shape, like a vase, a bowl, or any decorative wood items.
RIKON 70-100 Mini Lathe is the best wood lathe for beginners. It spins the piece of wood you’re working on at various speed levels and enables you to apply different techniques to your project. The speed change feature is easily accessible, so you don’t need to stop working or slow down on your project to switch gears.
Although its motor is small in size, it is quite powerful and can help you cover different projects. Whether you are working on small projects like bowls or flower vases, or medium projects like totem sculptures, this 1/2 HP engine will serve you satisfactorily. The available accessories allow customizing this lathe to fit your exact needs. There is the option to add multiple extensions, as well as use different sizes of tool rests.
The self-ejecting tailstock saves you time; all you need to do is to loosen the locking lever.
- Convenient and versatile
- Easy and quick speed changes
- Can add multiple extensions
- Self-ejecting tailstock
- The headstock protective cover does not close well
For any beginner dealing with woodwork shaping, the RIKON lathe is a must-have tool. It’s easy to use, fast, and powerful.
9. Craftsman Tape Measure
You cannot work on any woodworking project without carrying out measurements, no matter how small the project is. A tape measure is one of the essential carpentry tools for beginners.
The Craftsman CMHT37225S Tape Measure offers fast and accurate measurements. It comes with a self-locking mechanism to let the blade stay extended as long as needed. You can also lock the blade if you need extra tension or unlock it for a smooth and controlled retraction by pressing a button. If you want to stick to the traditional slide lock mechanism, you can disable this feature.
This tape measure comes with printed fractions on the blade and can measure up to 25 feet. The blade comes with a durable coating that improves its lifespan. You don’t have to worry about dropping the tape measure because the over mold offers impact protection as well as a better grip.
- Quick and easy measurements
- Durable and versatile
- Can measure up to 25 feet
- Auto-lock mechanism
- Somewhat heavy
- The measurements may be too small and hard to read for some people
No woodworking toolbox is complete without a good tape measure. It will help you make accurate measurements fast so you can commence your work quickly.
10. Olympia Tools Work Bench
Power tools don’t matter if you don’t have a robust, sturdy place to build and assemble everything. A workbench is a work-holding system build to accommodate various mechanisms like board jacks and more. It is usually a substantial tool that’s fixed in place when you are working.
The Olympia Tools 84-906 Work Bench is made of high-quality hardwood, which makes it durable and long-lasting. It also comes with a tool cabinet essential to help you fix and repair issues quickly. It is a solid woodworking bench with a clear finish.
This workbench comes with a storage shelf and a trough for storing your tools. It is fitted with large vises that are adjustable for proper machined guides.
- Easy to clean
- Strong and long-lasting
- A load capacity of 330 pounds
- Built-in vise
- Not foldable
- Hard to move around
- The finish could have been better
The Olympia Tools Work Bench is a powerful tool that will get you started on your woodworking. It will help you organize your project pieces and tools conveniently in the drawer and shelf.
There you have it. The tools mentioned above will get you to a quick start of your woodworking projects and make your work easier, leading to faster turnaround time. These tools are ideal for most woodworking plans for beginners, guaranteed to help you improve your skills, master your craft, and turn any idea you have into reality.
If you are looking for an affordable and easy way to build a home from scratch, a pole barn house is your best bet. These spaces allow for comfortable and inexpensive living, and you can even build one on your own with the help of DIY kits or online free plans.
To help you get started, here’s a short, easy guide for building a pole barn house with woods.
How to Build a Pole Barn
This Woodworking project might come off as challenging and almost undoable; however, with the right tools, accessories, materials, and technique, you can actually build a pole barn on your own. Follow these steps to make one from scratch, which you can later use as a workshop or a party venue, whichever you want!
Step 1: Gather Essential Materials
When building a pole barn house, the first thing you need to do is gather all the essential materials. The supplies required for this project are:
- Tape measure
- Skill saw
- Framing hammer
- Hand saw
- Wooden planks
- Roofing nails
- Storm clips
- Gravel and concrete
- Carpenter’s level
Step 2: Build the Foundation
Once you have all the tools and supplies ready, the first things you need to build is the foundation of the pole barn house. You need to prepare the site with the help of utility poles that you can buy from any local electric shop near your place. Plant the poles at least 6-7 feet in the ground and plumb them with the help of carpenter’s level. Make sure to pack an adequate amount of dirt around their basis to keep them firmly in place.
Step 3: Install Roof Beams
After building the main foundation, now is the time to attach the roof beams. A great advantage of using a pole-based structure is that you can install the roof system on the poles instead of having to rely on the interior or exterior walls.
Step 4: Pour the Slab
Now that you have the supporting poles or beams well in place, you can now pour the slab in order to create a proper rigid unit. This step is what makes a pole barn house different from the usual standard homes. In the former, the poles become a part of the main foundation instead of acting as supporting accessories.
Step 5: Levels and Flooring
If you wish to add more variety to this project, you can add a number of decks and can further separate them through lofts. In case you do want to add extra levels, start by driving in nails as a marker point in order to determine the height for the other desks. Repeat the line-level process for the levels like you did in the earlier steps and bolt the beams or the poles in the same manner.
Once you have all that in place, the next step is flooring. Apply layers of exterior plywood for the flooring, followed by using a sheet of builder’s felt with the help of the tongue-and-groove method of flooring. This double layering is only to be done for those floors that are exposed to the outdoor air. The double treatment will help protect the flooring from external conditions like moisture, humidity, etc. On the other hand, the interior floors only require sheets of painted plywood.
An important tip to remember here is that if you’re planning to live in this pole barn house, you might want to double floor the interior deck or level as well, along with installing a properly finished ceiling in the rooms and insulating all the spaces between the levels. However, if you’re going to use it as a workspace or storage space, you don’t necessarily have to do all that.
Step 6: Install the Walls
At this point, you are supposed to put together the walls, windows, and other units. Start with wall framing with the six-mil plastic, which you need to stretch from both sides. Fill other sections with lumber and wooden planks, securing everything together in place. Attach the windows and doors one by one with the help of the drill and the nails.
Step 7: Secure the Roof
Once the walls have been secured properly, move on to securing the roof. This requires you to hoist the wooden planks towards the top of the pole barn house and tie them to the vertical poles with the help of hurricane clips. To further secure the roof, cover it with galvanized steel layers to hold it in place.
Step 8: Add the Framing
This is the final step that will complete the pole barn house. Finish the framing by attaching it to the poles. At this point, use screws instead of nails in order to ensure increased strength and force. Make sure that the framing is attached to the poles instead of the concrete foundation.
Finishes and Touch-Ups for Building a Pole Barn House
Add the last few touch-ups and finishes to your completed pole barn house according to how you are going to use it. For example, you will need properly fixed sources of heat and light if you’ll be spending a lot of time in your pole barn house. If you plan to live in the house, you will require several permanent fixtures such as paint, wallpaper, cabinetry, stove, bathroom fixtures, a proper kitchen, etc.
This completely depends on your usage of the pole barn house.
If you wish to make this entire process of building a pole barn house even simpler, there are numerous other ways and resources that can help you.
· Pole Barn Plans
If you search online, you will find numerous pole barn plans that are according to your specific requirements. For instance, you can search for 12 x 24 pole barn plans, and you can find a step-by-step guide that will help you make your own. There are many other free woodworking plans that are easily accessible for your own use.
· DIY Kits
There are also DIY kits that are available in different stores, which are fully customizable with a variety of different features, colors, as well as sizes. The kits include all the pole barn plans and materials that you need to build a great-looking house.
Woodworking plans are a dime a dozen, but finding the ones that provide step-by-step instructions, use easily available tools and materials, and work for beginners and passionate DIY-ers can be tricky. Read on as we review some of the best woodworking project plans of the year, including the best parts, their downsides, and who they’re good for.
1. Teds Woodworking Review
Once you sign up for a membership with Teds Woodworking, you can access a range of projects and their step-by-step plans with written instructions. Once you find a project you like, you can even print the plans in case you want to make notes or cross-examine them as you work.
The platform gives you access to 16,000 different plans, which offers great value for money. Note that of these, a rare few may not be as detailed as you’d like, but you still have a pretty vast library to choose from. Most of these plans are fairly easy to follow, and even those that aren’t too detailed can be worked on with a little extra time and effort.
Ted’s Woodworking offers a number of projects ranging from simple ones that are suitable for beginners to those that larger and more complex and are meant for advanced builders, so there’s something for everyone. Even if you’re confused about what project to start, you’ll find inspiration from the number of options in front of you.
Apart from that, the platform is very well organized, and you can find whatever you’re looking for quite easily. The majority of the plans on this website maintain good quality and are fairly detailed.
Overall, Teds Woodworking is a solid website for woodworkers of all levels, from beginner to pro.
2. Woodworkers Treasure Chest Review
Woodworkers Treasure Chest offers a range of activities, like selecting woodworking plans, materials, helping you prepare for a project, and what finishing your final piece will require. With thousands of plans complete with step-by-step instructions, this site is designed for beginners and novices who want to craft something of their own. You’ll also be able to view your plans in 3D to get a clearer idea of what you need to do and what your project should look like in the end.
A standout feature of this platform is the Woodworkers Project Wizard that automatically links you to the logical next step when you’re working on any project. It also has a built-in calculator to help you with measurements and conversions. They also have a range of video tutorials that are actually helpful.
Treasure Chest also helps you handle small repairs at home on your own. Signing up for it also gives you access to a private Facebook group where you can connect with other woodworkers like yourself, clear up any confusion, and get inspired.
In addition, the platform has a 60-day money-back policy in case you can’t figure your way around the plans.
Given the ease of use and plans that cover printable visuals, videos, and offer a forum of like-minded people, there aren’t any apparent downsides to Woodworkers Treasure Chest.
3. Max’s Woodworking Review
Max’s Woodworking offers incredible plans that would generally be worth millions but are available to members for a minimal fee. The creator, Max Millard, has created an online library of 16,000 woodworking plans as well as an eBook filled with more challenging designs for the advanced users. You can start out with building a basic shelf to steady your hand and manage your way with all the tools and the wood and end up making your own rocking chair if you follow Max’s designs.
The detailed instructions provided with each plan will help you make your final product resilient and beautiful. The site also has a 60-day money-back guarantee just in case you change your mind after signing up.
Max’s Woodworking caters to everyone, including those who are not very tech-savvy. His book is available in a hardcopy for those who like to make notes and carry the plans around to study and prepare for them in advance.
There aren’t really downsides apart from the fact that the plans can get a little too detail-oriented at times – even so, this is meant to ensure that you can’t go wrong with Max’s Woodworking Plans.
4. Ryan’s Shed Plans Review
Ryan’s Shed Plans offers a library of 12,000 shed plans, and while they’re not of the same quality and standard as the others on our list, they do have some solid projects. Despite the variety of options, there are only a few plans that are actually clear and detailed enough for you to work on.
The platform is relatively easy to navigate through with different shed projects separated into different ZIP folders. Even if you don’t know what you want your shed to look like, you’re bound to find some good ideas through this website.
Many of the plans have text that is very difficult to read, even when you zoom into them.
That being said, overall, Ryan’s Shed Plans are quite affordable, and it’s a good idea to sign up if you’re looking for some inspiration on making the perfect shed that is both functional and attractive.
If you’re truly interested in Woodworking, whether you want to build a simple shed or an elaborate chair, it’s important to access the right platforms where you will not only get viable designs, but you’ll also be provided with detailed and easy to understand instructions so that you end up with something that looks great and is also usable.
Power tools are in rage these days but as any seasoned DIY expert will tell you, good ole fashioned woodworking hand tools will always have a niche that cannot be replaced. Whether for repairs or for any personal project, having the proper woodworking tools in your arsenal is a must to make the job easier and help you achieve better results.
However, with so many options on the market right now, it can be difficult to find ones that are the best of the best. Fortunately, we’ve saved you the time by doing the research for you. Below are the 6 best hand woodworking tools we could find, their pros and cons as well as some final remarks.
Top 6 Woodworking Tools 2021
1. Estwing Framing Hammer
The humble hammer is the simplest but also the most versatile DIY woodworking tools out there. If you are shopping for one that does its job perfectly and is as sturdy as a hammer can get, the Estwing Framing Hammer is the one to purchase.
Forged as one solid piece of tempered steel, the hammer is super durable and can easily tackle a heavy beating without even a scratch. Featuring an excellent weight distribution and balance, striking with the hammer delivers powerful blows without taxing the wielder. It weighs just 16 oz but punches way above its weight.
Thanks to its superb patented nylon-vinyl grip, the hammer is comfortable to hold and manages to reduce vibrations by nearly 70%. Furthermore, the grip is molded and bonded to the hammer piece, meaning that it will never come apart, no matter how many times you use the hammer.
Featuring a rip claw, you can utilize it for not just pulling nails but also for many other applications such as spilling wood, demolition work and prying boards. The hammer is available for buyers in both milled and smooth face options.
The company behind the hammer has been making woodworking hand tools for nearly a century and they showcase this legacy and experience in every tool they manufacture. All their products are 100% American made. Purchasing this hammer, you won’t be disappointed by its quality or performance.
- Highly durable
- Comfortable grip
- High performance
- Good balance
- Great value for money
- Made in the US
- The long handle may feel overbalanced for a few people
Quality-wise you won’t find a better hammer on the market for the price range. Durable, high performing and excellently, Estwing’s is easily the king of hammers and there is no arguing about that.
2. Crown 4-1/2-inch Mallet
In woodworking and carpentry, sometimes you need woodworking tools that land a softer and more controlled blow, such as when driving a chisel or knocking wooden pieces together. A hammer just doesn’t cut it as there is always the risk of a strike being too powerful and damaging the wood. Instead, a craftsman utilizes a mallet.
Hailing from the United Kingdom, the Crown 4-1/2-inch is one of the best performing mallets we have come across. The tool features exceptional balance and lands powerful yet controlled blows easily. The mallet is also surprisingly quiet to work and carries good feedback. The mallet is comfortable to hold and work with – right out of the box it will feel like it was meant for your hands.
The mallet is composed of beech, a wood that is well-known for its hardness and toughness, even surpassing that of oak. However, beech can be vulnerable to moisture which impacts its durability. Hence, leaving the mallet out for days outside in moisture heavy conditions may not be recommended.
As a dried wooden mallet, it would require oiling. This helps improve its weight and provides better resistance against moisture. This mallet absorbs the oil hungrily. Just after 2-3 coats, it is ready for use as a hand tool for woodworking.
- High performance
- Great value for money
- Not suitable for prolonged use in moisture
It’s a solid tool and feels great to use. Whether as a beginner woodworking tool or as an upgrade for the seasoned professional, you can’t go wrong with this purchase.
3. VonHaus 10 Piece Premium Chisel
For curving or cutting wood, the chisel is the ‘paintbrush’ of the wood craftsman. The quality of the chisel a person has can make all the difference when it comes to woodworking. Using a bad chisel set can work up plenty of frustration and leave you will terrible results.
A high-end chisel set can be a valuable investment and if you are in the market for one, we recommend VonHaus Premium Chisel. The chisel set contains split proof 10 pieces (from ¼’ to 2’), a Robert Larson honing guide and sharpening stone.
Made from heat-treated chrome vanadium steel alloy, the chisel blades possess extraordinary durability and strength. Even after many repeated uses, the metal is likely to retain its edge. The overall quality is extraordinary given the price and these chisels are guaranteed to last a lifetime with proper use.
Featuring rubberized ergonomic grips, the chisel is very comfortable to hold and work with. For easier sticking and effective transfer from force from the mallet into the chisel, all pieces also feature a uniform concave metal striking cap.
The sharpening stone the chisel comes with is made of aluminum oxide and features 120/200 grit. The stone wasn’t exactly the best we have come across but was good enough to get a decent job done. For better results, you may want to get yourself a more high-end 400/1000 grit sharpening stone.
The VonHaus set comes in a terrific wooden storage box, which is also a big plus in our opinion. Though some may find the design to be badly molded and thus, make it not easy to quickly take out the tools when need requires. So overall, the feedback on the box is mixed.
Do note that the chisels will need sharpening before you can start using them. This is especially the case for the larger head, which may need a fair amount of grinding and polishing.
While the honing guide offers excellent and easy to understand instruction, the fact that they need to be worked on and can’t be used straight out of the box don’t make them the most ideal of beginner woodworking tools. The chisel set is also available in 6 pieces (½’ to 1 ¼’) and 8 pieces (¼’ to 1 ½’) as well.
- Highly durable
- Split proof
- Ergonomically designed
- The set comes with a sharpening stone and a honing guide
- Great value for money
- Needs to be sharpened on arrival
No matter how intricate or demanding the task, this set from VonHaus will deliver. At the price it is on offer, the set delivers tremendous value. If you don’t mind a little elbow grease, these are a must buy.
4. Olson Saw SF63510 (Woodworking Hand Saw)
For cutting wood into intricate shapes or for interior cutouts, the woodworking craftsman requires the use of a coping saw. Sturdy, durable and offered at an unbeatable great price, Olson Saw SF63510 is definitely an option to consider for a purchase.
The saw quality is second to none for its price range. Buying this woodworking hand saw, you can be assured that its blade is unlikely to break easily, even after years of heavy usage.
Furthermore, the blade can also be rotated 360-degree for added versatility and the saw washers hold the tension within the blade quite nicely. No matter the type of wood, its saw blade will run through it like a knife through butter.
As for any drawbacks, its hardwood handle isn’t the easiest or the most comfortable to grip and we wish the company could have done more homework on its design. However, this is the only quip we have with this woodworking hard tool.
- Very sturdy
- 360-turning blade
- Tremendous value for money
- Not the most comfortable grip handle
Easily the best ‘regular’ coping best hand saw for woodworking on the market, this is a premium quality tool that’s tough to beat in both price and sawing performance.
5. Stanley 12-220 Block Plane
Block planes are a great tool to have when dealing with grain ends and doing touchups to your woodworks. If you are interested in buying a block plane for your DIY, consider the one on offer by Stanley.
Stanley is a well-known name when it comes to hand tools for woodworking. The brand is known for the quality and performance of its products and Stanley 12-220 Block Plane proves to be no exception to this.
The cutter is fully adjustable and rest on the block plane at a 21° angle, making it perfect when it comes to cross-grain planing. The block plane is attractively priced. However, part of the reason for it is that the company intentionally left out some of the finishing steps during manufacture.
This isn’t a tool that you may be able to use straight out of the packaging. Its blade would need sharpening, the sole will need flattening, etc. However, once the required modifications are made, this block plane certainly delivers. Overall, this can be a great little tool that is easy to set up and work with, it just requires a bit of elbow grease to truly shine.
The tool also comes with a limited life-time warranty from the Stanley so if there are any defects or deficiencies in the workmanship, you can have it repaired or replaced.
If budget isn’t a constrain and you are after a more premium block plane for woodworking use, then we recommend the Stanley Bailey No.60-1/2 Low Angle Block Plane as an alternative.
- Fully adjustable cutter
- Easy to use and set-up
- Limited life-time warranty
- Great value for money
- May require some modification before first-time use
With its highly affordable price considered, this is a great starter plane overall. It may need some work done at the start but once you are past that, this is a tool that will serve you well for years to come.
6. Komelon SM5425 Speed Mark Gripper
No woodworking hand tool set is ever complete with a reliable tape measure. This excellent one from Komelon is our top recommendation. Its well-designed end hook attaches firmly with no give, helping you take accurate measurements on large scale projects.
The non-glare tape length is an ideal 25 feet, more than enough for most projects but not long enough that you start having issues with getting it to roll back up. The tape measure features an ergonomic compact design, offering an easy and comfortable grip. The gripper on the tape prevents it from rolling back in while you take your measurements.
Our only criticism of it is that the retraction function leaves a bit to be desired. It is difficult to trigger with one hand and refraction feels inconsistent.
- Ideal length
- Great value for money
- Ergonomic design
- Firm and accurate measurements
- Mediocre refraction function
Overall, a great purchase with tremendous value. For quick and easy measurements, this is the tape measure you want to have.
In writing our description of the products, we have tried to be as accurate as possible so to not give our dear viewers a dishonest review. Regardless of which of the above mentioned tools you choose to buy, we can guarantee that you won’t be disappointed with the purchase. We hope you found our article to be informative and our list of recommendation to be worthwhile. Share it with others in your circle who may also find its content helpful.
Need for drying a Wood
Get two planks of green wood, very moist, one in fir, the other in oak, and place them in an un-ventilated place. After a while, you will notice traces of heating
You therefore conclude that drying of the wood is necessary, whether it is soft or hard wood, and THAT THIS DRYING MUST BE RELATIVELY FAST.
Naturally, drying must take place BEFORE USE. Green wood from a recently felled log cannot be used; you understand that a work executed in green wood would not take long, as it dries, to deform, to warp.
Consequences of drying of Wood
The main consequence of drying is, as you already know, a MORE OR LESS IMPORTANT REMOVAL that the wood undergoes.
But it must be taken into account that A DRY WOOD CAN MOISTURE AGAIN, this humidification resulting in a SWELLING which can cause significant deformations.
As drying and swelling are irregular depending on the position in the tree of the flow considered, the degree of drying of a wood is therefore extremely important to know before use.
For example, for certain structural works: carpentry, shed, unpainted exterior carpentry, wood that has lost only part of its moisture is used. These woods are said to be only wiped; they give the touch of an impression of dryness.
In carpentry, semi-dry wood is also used for the openings: crossed, exterior beads.
Indeed, a window is exposed to the weather; if the wood is very dry, it will swell a lot and the window cannot be opened; if, on the contrary, the wood still contains water, it will swell less since, at a certain moment, it will no longer absorb the water and the clearance provided for the opening will be sufficient for the proper functioning of the structure . It is to curb this entry of moisture into the wood used that the works are covered with a protective coating, paint or varnish.
Note, however, that never re-wetted wood returns to its original dimensions: it takes smaller dimensions if it is re-wetted to the same degree of humidity.
Principles of drying
Have you wondered how moisture is evacuated? What were the different operations and the duration of drying?
Take again two green wooden boards, one in oak, the other in fir. Expose them to a fire. You will see that the boards have deformed:
- that in oak has cracks: the drying was too fast; heat, having absorbed surface moisture quickly, caused abrupt removal of surface tissue while the internal tissues did not vary in size,
- that in fir, more tender, therefore more porous, allowed the water to evacuate more easily and the withdrawal was carried out without risk of chapping.
It can therefore be said that HARDWOODS MUST DRY SLOWLY THAN SOFTWOOD.
Remember, moreover, that a soft wood generally contains less water before drying than a wood hard.
It should be noted however that the result would not have been the same if the surrounding air, very hot, had been also very humid. This is taken advantage of in the case of accelerated drying and in the manufacture of plywood. We will come back to it.
In practice, a wood is considered AIR DRY when it still contains a certain amount of water, when its MOISTURE RATE is around 15% of the weight that wood would have if it were completely without water.
Moreover, this moisture content of the wood is balanced with that of the surrounding air, generally more wet in winter than in summer.
Two drying methods are used:
- natural or slow drying,
- artificial or accelerated drying.
What is natural drying?
Natural drying is the evaporation of moisture by exposing the wood to the open air. It is slow because we generally admits one year per centimetre of thickness; so, for a board of 4 centimetres the drying would require 4 years, this rate can however be accelerated by rational stacking.
The moisture content of naturally dried dry wood, called AIR DRY, varies from 13 to 17%. He’s never less than 13%, which is not enough for certain works.
What is artificial or accelerated drying?
Artificial drying allows moisture to be removed from the wood faster and more completely than by exposure to air. Currently, artificial drying is commonly used, to obtain wood having a degree humidity lower than the state of air dry wood, for example for certain works intended for very that require very dry wood to avoid warping.
Very dry wood has a humidity level of only 7 to 8%. But beware: placed in a workshop whose air is normally humidified it gradually absorbs moisture until balance is achieved by depending on the humidity level of the workshop. We must therefore hurry to implement it to avoid it regain its humidity.
Once used, this wood must be protected by a varnish; a cabinet table would be damaged if put for a long time in damp or unheated rooms. Thus, also thanks to bonding, its humidity not exceed 10% and there will be no deformation due to swelling.
Different processes are used for accelerated drying. We will study them in detail in a next lesson.
Slow or accelerated drying, which should we prefer?
The behavior of a wood depends on how it was dried.
Both dryings have their pros and cons; however, the former can be practiced by all craftsmen, while the second requires a large and expensive installation.
We will see in the following lessons how to conduct the drying of the different species and we will indicate the disadvantages and advantages of each method.
The degree of drying of the wood used must be given to the degree of humidity of the environment in which stay the work done: dry wood in a dry environment (interior); wood wiped outside.
Wood is said to be AIR DRY when its humidity is balanced with that of the air around it.
You saw in our last lesson that wood drying is done by two methods.
Let’s study the oldest: natural drying.
How to conduct this drying
When you exposed your oak plank to blazing fire, cracking occurred; if you expose boards in the sun, you will get the same result. There will be a loss of wood in the flow as a result deterioration and disposal of a certain amount of material.
Should we then stack the boards on top of each other to slow drying?
You have already seen drying hay that you want to keep for the winter: we are starting to spread it in the open air so that it loses its humidity, then it is brought in when it is very dry; if it was brought in wet, it would heat up and mold. It is the same for wood: if we did not take the same precautions, it would heat up.
These two examples clearly show that the drying of wood must be carried out with caution.
What are the different operations?
The NATURE OF THE WOOD (hard or soft) and the DEBIT mode (in studs or in planks).
Natural drying takes place in three stages:
- a) Wiping which is the temporary exhibition at the sawmill of soft and resinous wooden boards, freshly sawn.
- b) Stacking, which consists of placing the wood to be dried in the open air; the wood remains in piles until it has become air dry, until it no longer risks damage on wood on wood.
This degree of drying can be assessed by empirical methods, such as sound, but it is worth make better use of scientific processes, such as the electric hygrometer.
- c) Storage which aims to remove the wood from external humidity; the wood is stacked at the shelter in the stores for final drying.
A wood is wiped when it no longer causes a feeling of humidity when the hand passes.
In fact, wiping is an artisanal process and generally lasts only a short time. Good stacking done is actually enough
Stacking of softwoods
When the saw falls, the planks are stacked so as to reduce the surfaces as much as possible. contact. It is a lame stack, on the ground (fig. 1) or against any support (fig. 2)
When the surface of the wood is relatively dry, the boards are mounted in hollow, triangular stacks (fig. 3) or square (fig. 4); this is the stack used by artisan sawmills
The piles are established on construction sites which are large pieces, in scrap wood but healthy, that is to say free from worms, so as not to contaminate the sawn timber.
Why are the sites of large section? They must be thick to avoid any contact of the wood with moist soil. The distance between the bottom plank and the floor should be 30 to 50 cm if possible.
- Care must be taken to ensure that the sites are level.
- Note that sometimes the sites are replaced by masonry dice.
- Woods containing more than their water constitution are stacked in grids (fig. 5).
- The structural parts, planks, bastaings, are piled up by beds (fig. 6).
- The first bed rests on well aligned, well planed sites, spaced at a maximum of 1.50 m.
Why so many precautions? If the sites were not aligned, the wood, when drying, would deform; suppose the middle site lower than the other two; once dry, all the planks would be hollow.
The various beds are separated by soft wooden rods 15 to 20 millimetres thick by 30 millimetres in width, called a pin.
The pins, all of the same thickness, are always placed directly above the work sites to avoid deformations. They allow air circulation between the beds. Thick pins increase the drying speed; thin pins are used to slow drying.
The spacing between the pins varies from 30 to 60 centimetres depending on the thickness of the boards: the more boards are thin, the more the pins must be brought together.
Stacking of hardwoods
We know that hardwoods require slow drying. The stacking of hardwoods is different depending on the wood is cut into plots or planks.
- a) The logs cut into studs are reconstituted on well aligned sites. The first board, the lower back, is removed to give more stability to the stack.
The boards are separated by pins so that the air is renewed well (fig. 7).
Note the arrangement of pins at the end of the boards. Why ? By that a board dries faster at its end than in the middle, and you have seen that drying causes cracks.
The purpose of the pins is therefore to slow down the drying at the end, therefore partially avoid the drying slots.
Also note that the pins generally protrude a few millimetres at the end of the boards (fig. 7); this is certainly so that the drop shadow produced by the pins somewhat slows down the end drying.
For the same purpose, we also nail cleats at the end of the boards. Sometimes in the trays, we push pieces of iron in the shape of an “S” (fig. 7) in order to limit the drying slots.
Finally, the ends of the trays can also be coated with ordinary paint or paint containing emulsion waxes; this process completely removes the slots, saves nails and allows save a lot of time in manpower.
- b) The hardwoods aligned or edged are stacked by plank beds between which one spares space of 2 to 3 centimetres (fig. 8).
13-Fig. 8 Each bed is separated by pins placed directly above the construction sites. The stacks must only contain boards of the same gasoline, of the same thickness and cut at the same time to protect them from heavy rain and the sun, the batteries will be covered with a roof made of scrap boards.
Periodically, the boards can be un-stacked, the wood having stayed in the upper part passing to the lower part; we thus regulates the drying and one can notice in time alterations that may occur.
Wood partially dried in the open air is stored in a store, which must be dry and ventilated, however well closed, on paved or cemented ground; the openings must be oriented, as far as possible possible, so as to receive dry winds blowing in the region.
Hardwoods are stacked and pinned just like on the job site. However, when the woods are perfectly dry, it is sometimes advantageous for thin woods to remove the pins and stack flat. We can thus correct certain deformations occurring during drying.
SOFT AND SOFTWOOD TIMBER is often pricked upright. To facilitate the choice of planks, we can prepare them in such a way as to handle them pages of a book (fig. 9).
As, unfortunately, the ends of the boards are rarely square, their lower end is made to rest on a batten placed on the ground.
The smell from a store must be pleasant. One should never keep worm-eaten wood in store as it will contaminate healthy wood.
Drying requires a lot of care. It includes different operations: wiping, stacking, storage.
The stacking and storage of hardwoods and softwoods are different, the latter having to dry faster.
After natural drying, let’s study the different drying acceleration processes that make up this also called artificial drying.
One of the advantageous methods consists in replacing the sap of green wooden logs with water: this is the desiccation, in other words the elimination of the sap.
In particular, its advantage is to eliminate the starch from the sap which would subsequently be eaten by insects and destroyed by fungi: the wood therefore keeps better.
Desiccation is done by floating before flow or by steam after flow.
By float before flow
This process is used especially for light woods, softwoods in particular. It is more difficult to use with heavy woods, oak for example; logs may sink.
Two methods can be used:
- a) Floating with hot water: the sap is soluble in hot water; however the temperature does not must not be too high, otherwise the sap coagulates. This process is little used.
- b) Floating in a river or pond: the wood is immersed in running water for a period of 15 days to 1 month or more, or in standing water for 1 to 2 months. The wood is then stacked for drying.
The water evaporates faster than the sap, which results in a certain acceleration of drying. But the practice shows that there is only an acceleration at the beginning of drying, but more thereafter, on the contrary. The gain of drying time is therefore illusory.
But a softwood log kept by floating has the advantage of being wetter when sawing; it is therefore easier to saw; then just use a saw with a large enough pitch.
Steam after flow: This is called TUBING.
The boards are stacked without pins in a well-closed chamber in masonry called an oven. We introduces steam so that the temperature is around 80 °. Wood softens, fabrics distends and is penetrated by the vapor which carries the severe water. The wood is dried up when the water, leaving the oven, no longer has any color.
The boards are taken out of the oven and exposed to air for 1 to 3 months: this is wiping; we stack them then in stores.
In conclusion, desiccation makes it possible to have woods which dry more quickly at the start and which are rid of a large amount of nutrients that normally attract insects and cause the development of fungi. Thus, they keep better than dried wood naturally. Remember that saving drying time is not appreciable if you want to obtain by this process very dry woods.
Drying With Hot and Humid Air
With desiccation, there is another artificial drying process: drying with hot and humid air.
You have observed that wet soil dries quickly in summer. The reason is very simple: dry air and warm absorbs moisture. On the other hand, if the air is hot and humid, after a storm for example, the soil dries slower. Also, you may have noticed that a detergent can dry very quickly on certain days without sun on the condition that the air is dry, certainly faster than when the air is warmer but strongly wet. It is on these remarks that this drying process is based: the speed of drying depends not only heat, but the hygrometric state of the air.
The woods are stacked on pins in a dryer. A stream of hot, humid air passes between the boards and absorbs moisture from the wood. Thus, the rate of evaporation is tempered by the high humidity of hot air and wood does not tend to split as it would if the air was dry (remember the experience of boards subject to rapid evaporation). In practice, we start the ventilation with air that is almost cold and becomes all the more humid the warmer it becomes; then at as the wood becomes drier, the warm air is humidified less and less. We will only study neither does this process, for you will agree that it is very delicate; it is the work of skilled workers knowing their job thoroughly.
Advantages and disadvantages of different drying
Slow drying can be practiced by all, but it has the disadvantage of immobilizing important capital due to the huge amount of wood remaining on the site; moreover, it cannot provide sufficiently dry wood for use in interior carpentry, furniture.
On the contrary, accelerated drying is used by wood merchants and those who need more wood dry than natural drying allows because, building an expensive oven or dryer, it must be amortized by constant use.
Does wood experience different drying without damage?
Until recent years there has been a justified distrust of artificially dried wood; some had been mistreated in the dryers, had not been monitored during drying by staff insufficiently aware of the technique used, resulting in internal slits which adversely affected the flow solidity of the works and their conservation. The wood was not healthy enough.
BUT THIS CHALLENGE MUST NOW DISAPPEAR. Constant improvements in installations and the training followed by drying technicians and workers, the care and attention with which they are surrounded all drying operations are such that we can now, without second thought, use wood artificially dried.
You now know LE BOIS. You know that the tree is a living being, subject to faults and diseases. There are immense forests in the world which give various species in density, in color, in resistance.
The wood is cut according to different processes which vary with the species and its destination. In addition, in the In most cases, the wood must undergo appropriate drying before being used. The characteristics that have been given, the knowledge you have acquired will allow you to better study the material which was the first used by men.
The following lessons will be devoted to the study of tools for woodworking.
Source – http://www.lescopeaux.asso.fr/Rombauts/PDF/Rombauts_12.pdf